The North American Free Trade Agreement created the world`s largest free trade area, covering the United States, Canada and Mexico. In 2017, member states generated about $22.2 trillion in gross domestic product. On May 18, 2017, U.S. Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer sent a 90-day communication to Congress on the government`s intention to begin talks with Canada and Mexico to renegotiate the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). As has already been said, President Trump voted in favor of renegotiating NAFTA during the 2016 election campaign, or even the exit of the agreement itself. The procedural aspects of the reopening of NAFTA and the respective functions of the President and Congress are discussed below. Although President Donald Trump warned Canada on September 1 that he would exclude them from a new trade deal if Canada did not comply with its demands, it is not clear that the Trump administration has the power to do so without congressional approval. :34-6 According to reports by the Congressional Research Service (CRS), one was published in 2017 and another on July 26, 2018, it is likely that President Trump would need congressional approval for fundamental changes to NAFTA before the changes are implemented. :34-6 The kick-off of a North American free trade area began with U.S. President Ronald Reagan, who made the idea part of his 1980 presidential campaign. After the signing of the Canada-U.S. Free Trade Agreement in 1988, the governments of U.S.
President George H.W. Bush, Mexican President Carlos Salinas de Gortari and Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney agreed to negotiate nafta. Both submitted the agreement for ratification in their respective capitals in December 1992, but NAFTA faced considerable opposition in both the United States and Canada. The three countries ratified NAFTA in 1993 following the addition of two related agreements, the North American Worker Cooperation Agreement (NAALC) and the North American Environmental Cooperation Agreement (NAAEC). According to a 2018 Sierra Club report, Canada`s NAFTA and Paris Agreement commitments have been met. The Paris commitments were voluntary and NAFTA was mandatory.  Nafta provides that a country may withdraw from the agreement “six months after the written resignation of the other parties.” It also provides that the agreement will remain in force for the other parties.91 But from an economic point of view, NAFTA is a success and without them, the effects of competition from the expanding economies of the European Union or China would be worse. This is crucial now that both trade zones are above the United States as the world`s largest economies. Some of the most significant changes have occurred in the textile, clothing, automotive and agriculture industries. The elimination of trade barriers in these key industries is summarized below. Studies by the U.S. International Trade Commission (USITC) on the impact of NAFTA have highlighted the difficulty of isolating the effects of the agreement from other factors.
While the impact of NAFTA is not easy to measure, the USITC has provided some estimates over the years. A 2003 study estimated that U.S. GDP could increase between 0.1% and 0.5% after the full implementation of the agreement.50 A recent USITC report, drafted in June 2016 on the economic impact of trade agreements implemented under the Trade Promotion Authority, contains a summary of the results of the post-2002 NAFTA literature that the results generally show that NAFTA “has resulted in a significant increase in the trade volume for all three countries; a small increase in the U.S.