Today they look ancient. But for most of our history, Ben Franklin and Washington explained to Irving the obvious – what educators, parents and students believed – that the study of history fostered the love of the country and the built character. This belief pervaded Webster`s Spellers, McGuffey`s readers and Longfellow`s “Paul Revere Ride.” It was engraved in inscriptions engraved on our public buildings. Along the top of the National Archives is “THE GLORY AND ROMANCE OF OUR HISTORY ARE HERE PRESERVED.” We can see this trend in our national monuments. On Cambridge Common, Massachusetts, for example, there is a statue of the Puritan John Bridge, three guns captured by the British during the War of Independence, a commemorative plaque on which George Washington gathered the Continental Army and a statue of Abraham Lincoln. The most recent monument on the common recalls the thirst for Irish potatoes. Under a gaunt character of a father who takes his wife who hugs his sick child, there are the words: “NEVER AGAIN SHOULD A PEOPLE STARVE IN A WORLD OF PLENTY”. In America, there is now a movement to honor the victims of history. It is thought that the revolution was triggered, at least in part, by the regressive taxation of the ordinary people to deal with the French debt. The French Revolution is widely regarded as one of the most important political events in human history. Alexander Hamilton and Aaron Burr were two of the key figures in the early history of the United States, but their function as founding fathers is often overshadowed by their legendary rivalry, which ended in 1804 with a deadly duel.
Tensions began in 1791, when Burr, a Democrat and Republican, was elected to the New York Senate in place of Hamilton`s friend, Phillip Schuyler, a federalist. Hamilton took defeat as a personal attack and developed a fierce aversion to Burr, and in the following years, the two men often fought each other. Competition intensified in 1804, after Hamilton actively fought Burr`s campaign for governor of New York and contributed to the victory of a rival politician named Morgan Lewis. The famous artist Michelangelo Caravaggio did not lack personal acts of revenge – he was known to follow the streets of Rome with a sword to protect himself – but one of his most famous quarrels concerned the rival painter Giovanni Baglione. Disagreements began in the early 1600s, when Baglione painted a response to Caravaggio Chiaroscuro`s masterpiece “Amor Vincit Omnia “. Caravaggio and his circle mocked him by claiming plagiarism, so Baglione picked up the ante and painted a second version – this time with a caricature of Caravaggio`s face on the devil`s body.