However, the approach of U.S. prosecutors has been criticized by U.S. courts as too lenient. Despite these criticisms, U.S. courts have held that they have limited authority to review deferred policing agreements.   In most cases, the courts approve the agreements.  Participants felt it was important to publish the terms and conditions of a deferred criminal justice agreement for public transparency.  The majority of participants supported the British model, which has a strong oversight function of the courts, to ensure that a proposed agreement is in the public interest and that the terms of a given agreement are “fair, appropriate and proportionate”.  The agreement authorizes the suspension of prosecutions for a specified period of time, provided that the Organization meets certain conditions. These provisions subsequently led to some political controversy. SNC-Lavalin, a major Canadian engineering firm, faces criminal charges under the Criminal Code and the Corruption of Foreign Officials Act relating to its business dealings in Libya, and was one of the first companies to seek a deferred prosecution agreement. The Canadian Crown denied this request, finding that SNC-Lavlin did not meet the conditions of Part XXII.1. Allegations have been made that members of the Trudeau government improperly pressured then-Justice Minister Jody Wilson-Raybould to authorize a deferred prosecution agreement for SNC-Lavalin.
Following an investigation by the Office of the Conflict of Interest and Ethics Commissioner (CIEC), the Commissioner released his report on August 14, 2019 and stated that Prime Minister Trudeau had violated the Conflict of Interest Act by seeking to directly and indirectly influence Wilson-Raybould.  Discussions on the possible introduction of a Criminal Prosecution Act in Canada began in February 2016. Prior to the CCA, Canada already had a “prosecutorial discretion” that “allowed insulting companies to negotiate a non-criminal penalty for a misdemeanor.”  In June 2018, Canada adopted a CCA through provisions of the C-74 omnibus budget implementation act, which amended the penal code.   According to the Law Times, the data protection authority is changing the way Canadian courts prosecute economic crime, which involves a redress system in which offenders can escape conviction if they “cooperate with the Crown and the courts.”  The Times quoted Ottawa-based lawyer Patrick McCann as saying that the DPA would “align Canada with many other countries that have deferred policing agreements, including the United States, the United Kingdom and most other European countries.”  According to McCann, the data protection authority “deals with the injustice of the situation if you have a large company that has a senior rogue officer,” who has committed a crime for which the entire company is held responsible.  McCann stated that the CCA was fair to investors in companies that were innocent of any wrongdoing.  A Late Prosecution Agreement (DPA) is a contract between the defendant and the Crown. This contract is usually negotiated between a defence lawyer and a prosecutor. As a general rule, an accused has no criminal record and, in cases where a victim (drums) is involved, the victim should normally be proposed with a deferred policing agreement.